Tag Archives: video editing techniques

Organizing Video & Footage in Your Video Editing Software

How To Organise You Video Editing files¬

amarotFinding a system to organised your video editing files should be the first thing you do after opening your video editor software. It doesn’t matter what video editing software¬†you are using – movie maker, Avid or Premier, every video editor knows that organising video and footage should be done even before capturing or importing the material.

Finding the strategy to organised your clips will make you work a lot better and faster. If you are working on very small projects right now, you might not see the need for organized files, but you should build the habit of organized work, so you won’t be in shock when big projects will come along.

Here are some organizing tips to get started:

Working With Tapes & SD cards

If you are working with tapes, you should start by giving them names (actually, it was the cinematographer’s job, but it’s your job to make sure he did it and that the names are clear enough for you). These tapes (or SD cards) are what you are getting from the field, so it’s very important to give them the attention they need. When you will start capturing the tapes, you will write the name of each tape you are recording on, so later on when you will need to re-capture everything (maybe to capture again in better quality or maybe just because the media files got lost), you will not have a problem.

Managing & organizing the clips

The clips will be named after the scene’s number, the shot’s number and the take’s number, so it can be something like 05-06-03, which means scene 5 – shot 6 – take 3. Keep the names short.

If you already know the material, most video editing software (like Avid) will give you the option to color the clips in a different color like green for good takes and red color for bad takes. Now I’m going to make a folder called RAW MATERIALS and to put all the bins inside it.¬

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Organizing video in bins and folders

Now you need to decide how you want to capture/Import the materials into the bins. Personally, I like to organize the bins first by the days of shooting. For example, If I have 3 tapes on shooting day 1, they will all be placed in the ‚ÄúDay 1‚ÄĚ bin. All the tapes of the next shooting day will be placed on the ‚ÄúDay 2‚ÄĚ bin and etc.
After I will finish all the capturing/importing, I’ll usually make another folder called ‚ÄúEditor‚ÄĚ or ‚ÄúWork‚ÄĚ and then I’ll copy all of the clips to new bins which will be organized by scenes. Later on, you’ll also have to make a bin for graphics, audio and everything else that is not your video files. If you want, you can also make a bin for bloopers or behind the scenes shots.

Another tip is to give numbers to your folders, for example, 01_Media, 02_Audio,03_GFX and etc. That way the video editing software will organize the folders in the order you want them to be. It is also recommended to have a bin called Master or Current Edit, and to put in it the last version of the edited sequence.

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No matter what strategy, you choose, you must be consistent with it. If something doesn’t work for you, you can change it, but make sure you are changing all the material. I would love to hear how you are managing you video & footage in your video editing software, so you can answer¬†me in the comment section.

Continuity Editing Techniques

The Continuity Techniques of Video Editing

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The art of editing is divided into 2 schools ‚Äď those who claim video editing should be noticed and those who claim the complete opposite. Most film today try their best to keep continuity going and to draw less attention to the editing as possible.

Making the continuity possible is, first of all, the production’s job, but if they failed to do so, it is the editor that will have to fix it. In this article, I will introduce you to some awesome continuity editing techniques.¬

 

continuity editing the definition

Films are rarely shot in the order of the script. Even inside the scene the order of the shooting is determent by locations limitations, actor’s schedule etc. (you can read about the factors of production schedule here) continuity is a system the filmmakers use to keep things consistent between two shots that will be edited together.¬†The elements that usually can break continuity are such as lighting, character’s¬†movements, sounds, backgrounds and object placements, It’s something that is very hard to pay attention to and even in blockbuster films you can see mistakes like that.

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Let’s see some continuity editing examples:

Continuity in lighting

Continuity in lighting means that the colors in the frames are the same in every shot. Sometimes the director might shoot a dialog where the close-ups in it were shot in two different places. I mean each character were shot in a different place. The element that can break our continuity here is most likely to be exposure and lighting of the shots¬†– They should be the same. The editor’s job is to do whatever it takes, to help them look as if they are talking to each other. In this case, the editor might need to do some color correction to fix the continuity problem. That is usually done by the extremely skilled colorist.

Continuity in objects

Here is an example of a very common mistake, when one of the characters is smoking a cigar and the size of the cigar changes on the different take (first it’s long, then it’s short and then long again).
Or let’s say an actor¬†is holding a glass on the right hand and on the next take he is holding it in the left hand. In this case, there isn’t much the editor can do to fix it but simply choosing a different shot, but if the best take is the one that the actor is holding the glass on the different hand, I would say ‚Äď use that. If the actorr performance is good enough, the discontinuity would not be noticed.¬†In the movie Pulp fiction, there is a scene where John Travolta needs to stick a needle in Uma Thurman’s chest. On the close up of the¬†chest, there is a red mark, but when she gets up with the needle in her chest, the red mark is gone. The scene is so full of energy and actors give such a great performance that it is not noticeable.¬

continuity editing techniques

The first thing you need to do before editing a scene is to go through all of the material and see if there are shot that might cause a problem. See also ¬†if there is are a solution you can give them. For example, if a character is facing right and on the next shot it is facing left, you can fix it with a flop effect (an effect that changes a direction of the frame). If there is a discontinuity in the action of the actor or in an object in the scene, a good solution can also be putting the third shot in between the problematic two if it’s possible.

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Make it a ritual before starting to edit a scene to look for discontinuity possibilities and when you finish editing the scene, look for it again.

After all of that, I recommend watching Jean-Luc Goddard’s film, Band -a- part, Where he introduce to the world of cinema a new kind of editing possibilities by creating obvious jump cuts and discontinuity. He did that for political reasons to claim, that when you watch a movie, you should be aware that it is just a movie, so you won’t be manipulated so easy. Today jump cuts can appear in the mainstream films, but only if it serves the premise of the film.

Digital video editing’s stages

The Stages of Video Editing

Digital video editing's stages
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The digital video editing process is divided into several stages. Many people considered this part as a very simple one (simply plug shots together like Lego), but this is a mistake that hurts lots of beginners filmmakers. Digital video editing is one of the most important steps in the film production. It is basically writing the final script of the film.

so here are all the stages, you need to go through when getting into the editing room:

Watching the raw material

All of the digital video editing processes starts with watching the materials from beginning to the end. This is usually¬†done by the director, and the video editor and sometimes the producer too. While watching they will decide what the video editor should and shouldn’t sample and they will also start to have an idea as for how the film should look like. Many¬†productions have a thing called “Dailies” which is a meeting of all the lead production members to watch the raw material of what they shot that day. Some video editor like to participate on that, so they won’t have to watch all of it together at once. Sometimes you might get notes about the shootings.¬

It is advisable to watch the material by the order it was shot since it can help you to see how the scenes were developed and to understand the director mindset. At this point, you should start to have an idea as for how the film should look like. Pay attention to the shots and performances that are really doing something for you and write them down.

Sampling

The next digital video editing step will be a sampling all of the selected materials. Which means capturing the material into the editing software. If you still live in the 90’s and your materials were taken from Mini DV tapes, it is customary to capture the materials with a special video for this kind of tapes. You can also capture from a mini-DV camera, but is not recommended for the camera to agree with that ;-). The sampling operation is made simpler when working with files, although sometimes your editing program will ask you to convert the files before starting.

Organize your material

The video editor has to deal with a¬†large amount of raw material. Usually, he will make one minute of film from every few hours of material, so it’s very important to work in an orderly and organized manner. The sampling stage is the stage to organize your material. The organization of the material is very important and will help you to analyze your material and to work more effective. You can read more about it at my post on¬ Organizing Video & Footage in Your Video Editing Software

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Assembly

Connecting the best raw material segments together into one very long movie without any real editing. The video editor can work with a shooting script or a storyboard as a guideline. It is also possible to insert clips that you are unsure about them. The aim is mainly to arrange the raw materials in the chronicle order of the film while reducing them as much as possible. When you’ll finish the assembly, you might find that the pace of every scene is very different from each other. At this point it’s OK.

In most cases, you will want to start from the beginning of the film, but sometimes it might work best to start from the middle and then connect all the scenes together.¬

 

Rough Cut

The rough cut stage is when you start thinking about the story. The director and the editor are required to make large artistic decisions for the film and to built the foundation of the director’s vision. The rough cut is shown to the producer and everyone that can contribute to the shaping of the overall editing. The cuts are still not perfect, but the general idea of how the film is going to look like is presented.

Fine Cut

At this point, the film has been shortened to a final length. The director and the video editor have been tightening all the cuts, the dialogs, the pace of the film and so on. It’s still not the final cut completely, there are still some scenes that might be deleted, but it is the closest you can get to final cut, before sending it to sound design and color correction. After these stages there are several additional steps that the film has to go through in order to reach perfection:
1. sound design – Today video editors can perform many repairs to the film’s sound, but they are still limited, so you should send the film to sound designers for best results. 2. Color-correction -The basic color corrections is increasing the contrast of the black and white colors and highlighting the image or change the dominant colors in the movie. As long as you need basic things, the video editor can help you, but it is a profession by itself and should go to someone who specializes in color correction and also has the right equipment for it.

Personally, I recommend that the video editor should also be at least in one meeting of the pre- production stage. That way he can prevent choices that might make trouble when coming to the editing room, and explain what he needs to create the atmosphere the film director needs.

Video editing software – Choosing the right one for you

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There is is no shortage today in video editing software that are free, cheap or expensive and While in the past video editing was reserved only for professionals, today the possibility to become a video editor is actually open to everyone.

I would like to review some of the important features that your video editing software should have. When you start looking for your video editing software, you should go through these options, so you can make a better and faster editing.

¬ “When I started editing on my home computer,¬ I said to myself, ‘Well, I could be at home studying for a class or I could be at home editing a video”
¬† ¬†¬ ¬†Joseph Gordon-Levitt quotes¬ ¬

Free or paid video editing software

Well, the first thing you need to consider is if you want to get a free software or to pay for one. Of course, every body will prefer a free software, but you have to remember that free software is coming with a price. The free video editing software, usually, comes with a limited set of features and are used mainly for home videos. You have to understand your needs. If you are working on a very small production, this software might be great for you. ¬†¬

The features you should check while choosing video editing software

video editing software must no. 1: Re-size picture to feet your needs

The most basic tool in any video editing software.¬ The intention is the possibility to change the size¬ and proportions of the image.¬ Most programs allow you to do it quite easily.¬ The problem is usually when making the picture bigger.¬ In most of the amateur software, making the picture bigger will hurt the quality of the video.¬ You should check how your editing software deals with that challenge.

video editing software must no. 2: Volume Control

Every basic video editing software will give you the option to increase or decrease the volume.¬ And the more complex ones will give you…¬ well, more complex options like distorted the sound¬ or to control the sound with the equalizer.

video editing software must no. 3:¬ Work with layers

The ability to combine two or more audio channels¬ or several channels of video in the film.¬ This is also a basic feature that should be in every video editing software. When you work on your video, you might want to add titles, effects, alpha graphics and more. On a big project, you can easily find your self with 5 doe layers and at least 6 audio tracks, so you should want to be able as much lat=yers as you need.¬

video editing software must no. 4:¬ Work with Key Frames to make complex effects¬ (and not so complex ones)

This is a very important concept in editing.¬ It allows you to play with the effects and create properties that change along the shot.¬ You can put several keyframes on the effect and every keyframe¬ will have its own properties and that’s how the effect will change during the shot.

video editing software must no. 5:¬ Fix picture with color corrections

The basic software will let you  highlight a picture, play with the contrast and adjust the color controls in the picture. In the more complex ones you will have the option
to choose the areas, you want to color in the picture.¬ You have to remember that no matter how high quality the material is, it is most likely that you will need at least a basic color correction,¬ so it’s an important element.¬ There are software programs (such as Avid and After Effects) that measure the amount of color in an image and they can tell you if the picture¬ has too much of one color and not enough of the other.

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video editing software must no. 6: Find out what kind of formats does the software accepts

One of the frustrating things about working in the digital age is the multitude of files.¬ The problem is that any editing system absorbs different kinds of files.¬ The video editing system should communicate with as many files as possible – You should also check what kind of files it exports and their quality. If you need to work with HD files, make sure your video editing software is working well with them.

Here some more things to consider when buying a video editing software:

What kind of computer you have?

How much Ram and CPU does your editing software needs?¬ This will determine how fast the software will work.¬ You have to remember that you can always add RAM to your computer.¬ So you should pay attention that your computer meets the conditions required.

How professional do you need to get

As I said there are a lot of video editing programs.¬ If your goal is to make something small or simple editing from time to time, you can use software like IMovie (Mac) or Windows Movie Maker (Windows).¬ This software is good for editing trips¬†and¬†holiday videos.¬†For these who want to become most professional- Premiere, Final Cut, and Avid.¬ If you’re serious about becoming a professional editor,¬ you may want to take classes in the software you are learning.¬ There are plenty of tutorials on YouTube, but nothing replaces a tutor or courses.¬

Big Tip:
Good editing is built on your habits
and if you’ll learn by yourself,

you can create yourself a bad work habits
right from the start.

Take a look at the professional video editing software

The three most professional video editing software in the market right now are:
Avid, Premier, and Final cut.¬ A final cut is a great software for beginners. Its only disadvantage is that it works only on Apple’s Mac computers.¬ If you are planning to become a professional video editor,¬ I also recommend starting with Avid.
Why Avid?
For the same reason that when I wanted to learn guitar, they told me to start with a classic guitar:¬ If you master the Avid, you can learn fast to control any other software,
but here is more:
Most broadcast work with that software, mostly because it can handle very large and complicated projects. It is a very stable software and I think she manages the media files in the best way than the other two. It is also the best software to work if you are sharing the same project with other editors.
It will probably take you some time to learn it and to get the hang of it, but once you do, it will be worthwhile it. Another disadvantage¬†is that it is ¬†an expensive software.¬
The thing I like most about Avid is that it forces you to work in an orderly manner and to know what you want to plan ahead.

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On the other, hand if you are planning to use lots of graphics then Premier or Final Cut are more recommended.¬ Premier’s clear advantage is the perfect orientation with other Adobe software like After effects and Photo Shop.¬ Eventually, all the video editors have the software,¬ So I do recommend playing with all of them and see what works best for you.